Guide To Foreign Crop Subsidies and Tariffs
CERI Staff Report
CERI-SR07-01
February 2007
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INFORMATION SOURCES


Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.  "Biofuels Opportunities for Producers Initiative Overview".  Accessed January 1, 2007 and available online at http://www.agr.gc.ca/acaaf/bopi-imbp/index_e.php?page=gen. 

_____.  "Canada's Sugar Beet Industry".  Accessed January 1, 2007 and available online at http://www.agr.gc.ca/misb/spec/index_e.php?s1=bet&s2=&page=intro&type=prof.

_____. "Canadian Agricultural Policy in a Global Context".  Policy Disputes Information Consortium, April 23-26, 2003.  Accessed January 1, 2007 and available online at http://www.farmfoundation.org/farmpolicy/keenanpres.pdf. 

_____.  "Ethanol".  Bi-Weekly Bulletin vol. 19, number 18, December 8, 2006.

______.  "Russia and Ukraine: Wheat".  Bi-Weekly Bulletin Volume 16 Number 6, March 14, 2003. 

_____."The Canadian Agricultural Income Stabilization (CAIS) Program".  Accessed January 1, 2007 and available online at http://www.agr.gc.ca/caisprogram/main.html. 

_____."Crops".  Accessed January 2, 2007 and available online at http://www.daff.gov.au/fieldcrops.

American Sugar Alliance (ASA).  "Dump Market Players: Foreign Sugar Subsidy Handbook", February 2006.

Australian Government, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry.   "Research and Development Corporations and Companies". Accessed January 2, 2007 and available online at http://www.affa.gov.au/index.cfm.  

Bastos, G.  "The Brazilian Government Has Announced a Set of Supporting Measures to the Next Crop Season".  Accessed May 30, 2006 and available online at http://www.agweb.com. 

Chinese Ministry of Agriculture (CMOA). "Temporary Law on Pesticide subsidy".  Accessed December 14, 2006 and available online at

http://www.agri.gov.cn/zcfg/bmgz/t20061214_739810.htm.

_____. Farmer's Newspaper. Accessed December 28, 2006 and available online at http://www.agri.gov.cn/xxlb/t20061228_748732.htm. 

_____. "Central Government Works on Agriculture in 2007". Available online at http://www.agri.gov.cn/xxlb/t20061224_745335.htm.

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Gale, F., B. Lohmar, and F. Tuan.  "China's New Farm Subsidies", U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, WRS-05-01.  February 2005. 

Guadagni, M., Raiser, M., Crole-Rees, A., and  Khidirov, D.. "Cotton Taxation in Uzbekistan. Opportunities for Reform." Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development (ECSSD) Europe and Central Asia Region. The World Bank. August 26, 2005.  Accessed November 11, 2006 and available online at
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Hanif, Muhammad, shakeel Ahmed Khan, Fayyaz Ahmed Nauman. "Pakistan Agricultural Perspective and Policy". Available online at

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Harris, D. and A. Rae.  "Agricultural Policy Reform and Industry Adjustment in Australia and New Zealand".  Paper presented at the International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium Symposium June6-7, 2004, Philadelphia.  Available online at

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Landes, M.R.  "The Elephant is Jogging".  Amber Waves 2 (2004): 29-35.

Marsh, S. P. , T. G. MacAulay and P. Van Hung. "Agricultural Policy Development and Land Policy in Vietnam," The university of Sydney, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research 2006.  Available online at http://www.aciar.gov.au/web.nsf/doc/ACIA-6RG32Y.

Matthey, H., J. F. Fabiosa, and F. H. Fuller.  "Brazil: the Future of Modern Agriculture?"  MATRIC Briefing Paper 04-MBP 6, May 2004. 

Ministerio da Agricultura.  "Plano Agricola e Pecuario 2006/2007".  Brasil Governo Federal.  Accessed January 8, 2007 and available online at http://www.orplana.com.br/arquivos/plano_safra_2006.pdf. 

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_____. Agricultural Policy Reform in South Africa. Policy Brief, April 2006. Accessed January 3, 2007 and available online at http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/31/45/36581609.pdf.

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_____.  OECD Factbook 2006—Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics.  OECD 2006. 

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Pramote Vanichanont, "Thai Rice: Sustainable Life for Rice Growers," A Paper presented at FAO Rice Conference, February 12-13, 2004 Rome, Italy.  Available online at http://www.fao.org/rice2004/en/pdf/pramote.pdf.

Roberts, I., S, Warr and G. Rodriguez, "Japanese Agriculture: forces drive change,: ABARE research report 06.24.  Available online at http://www.abareconomics.com/publications_html/crops/crops_06/Japanese_ag.pdf.

Saad-Filho, A. and M. de Lourdes R. Mollo.  "Inflation, Currency Fragmentation and Stabilization in Brazil: A Political Economy Analysis".  Centre for International Business Studies, Paper Number 17-99. 

Schnepf, R. D., E. Dohlman, and C. Bolling.  Agriculture in Brazil and Argentina: Developments and Prospects for Major Field Crops.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Agriculture and Trade Report No. (WRS013), December 2001.

Sidik, M.. "Indonesia Rice Policy in view of Trade Liberalization," A Paper presented at FAO Rice Conference, February12-13, 2004 Rome, Italy.  Available online at http://www.fao.org/rice2004/en/pdf/sidik.pdf.

Srinivasan, P.V.  "Impact of Trade Liberalization on India's Oilseed and Edible Oils Sector".  Report prepared for the Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, February 2, 2005. 

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service (ERS).  "Black Sea Grain Exports: Will they be Moderate or Large?"  WRS04-05-02, October 2004. 

_____. "Briefing Rooms, Mexico: Policy".  Accessed February 1, 2007 and available online at http://www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/Mexico/Policy.htm.

_____.  "Briefing Rooms, Soybeans and Oil Crops: Trade".  Accessed February 1, 2007 and available online at http://www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/SoybeansOilcrops/trade.htm.

_____.  "Brazil: Issues and Analysis".  ERS/USDA Briefing Room, May 6, 2005.  Available online at http://www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/Brazil/domsupport.htm.

_____.  "CAP Reform of 2003-04".  WRS-04-07, August 2004.

_____.  "European Union Adopts Significant Farm Reform". Amber Waves, September 2004.

_____.  "European Union: Policy", USDA Briefing Room.  Accessed January 1, 2007 and available online at http://www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/EuropeanUnion/PolicyCommon.htm.

_____. "Farm and Farm-Related Employment".  Accessed January 24, 2007 and available online at http://www.ers.usda.gov/Data/FarmandRelatedEmployment/.

_____.  "Indicators November-06", Amber Waves, November 2006. 

_____.  "Methodology notes for Amber Waves Indicators".  Accessed January 24, 2007 and available online at http://www.ers.usda.gov/AmberWaves/indicatorsnotes.htm.

_____.  Sugar and Sweeteners Outlook.  SSS-236, January 31, 2003.

_____. Sugar and Sweeteners Outlook. SSS-246, September 2006

_____. U.S.-EU Food and Agriculture Comparisons.  Agriculture and Trade Report No. WRS04-04, February 2004.  

_____.  "WTO Agricultural Trade Policy Commitment Database".  Accessed January 4, 2007 and available online at http://www.ers.usda.gov/db/wto/.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS).  "Canada Agricultural Situation, This Week in Canadian Agriculture, Issue 30".  GAIN Report Number CA6055, November 2, 2006. 

_____.  "Argentina. Grain and Feed. Annual Report" GAIN Report Number AR6010, March 22, 2006. 

_____.  "Argentina. Cotton and Products. Annual Report." GAIN Report Number AR6017, May 12, 2006. 

_____.  "Australia Grain and Feed Annual".  GAIN Report AS6017, March 21, 2006. 

_____.  "Australia Cotton and Products Quarterly Update".  GAIN Report AS6053, August 31, 2006. 

_____.  "Brazil Oilseeds and Products Annual Soybean Report".  GAIN Report Number BR6610, May 1, 2006. 

_____.  "Canada Grain and Feed Annual Report".  GAIN Report Number CA6010, March 31, 2006. 

_____. "Canada Exporter Guide Annual".  GAIN Report Number CA6057, December 7, 2006. 

_____. "EU-25 Oilseeds and Products Annual 2006".  GAIN Report Number E36092, June 11, 2006

_____. "European Union Oilseeds and Products Annual 2001".  GAIN Report Number E21088, July 13, 2001

_____ "Egypt Grain and Feed 2006 Annual Report".  GAIN Report Number EG6007, March 8, 2006.

_____ "Egypt Oilseeds and Products 2006 Annual Report".  GAIN Report Number EG6015, May 15, 2006.

_____.  "India Oilseeds and Products Annual 2006".  GAIN Report Number IN6042, May 15, 2006. 

_____.  "Korea, Republic of, Cotton and Products Annual 2006".  GAIN Report Number KS6049, May 3, 2006. 

_____.  "Korea, Republic of, Grain and Feed: The Changing Structure of the Korean Rice Market".  GAIN Report Number KS6088, August 11, 2006.

_____.  "Korea, Republic of, Oilseeds and Products Annual 2006".  GAIN Report Number KS6020, March 6, 2006. 

_____.  "Korea, Republic of, Sugar Annual 2006".  GAIN Report Number KS6039, April 6, 2006. 

_____. "Mexico Grain and Feed Annual Report".  GAIN Report Number MX6019, January 10, 2006. 

_____. "Mexico. Cotton and Products. Annual Report." GAIN Report Number MX6037, December 12, 2006. 

_____ "Nigeria Grain and Feed 2006 Annual Report". GAIN Report Number NI6007, May 2, 2006.

_____ "Nigeria Oilseeds and Products 2006 Annual Report".  GAIN Report Number NG6001, January 23, 2006.

______"Nigeria Oilseeds and Products: 2005 Soybean Situation Report".  GAIN Report Number NG6001, November 4, 2005.

_____.  "Oilseeds: World Markets and Trade".  FOP 7-06, July 2006.

_____.  "Russian Federation Grain and Feed Annual 2006".  GAIN Report Number RS6017, April 4, 2006.

_____.  "Russian Federation Grain and Feed: Grain Interventions Underway".  GAIN Report Number RS5064, September 1, 2005. 

_____.  "Russian Federation Grain and Feed: Russia Temporarily Bans Rice Imports" GAIN Report Number RS6066, December 6, 2006. 

_____.  "Russian Federation Oilseeds and Products Annual 2005".  GAIN Report Number RS5042, May 15, 2005.

_____.  "Russian Federation Trade Policy Monitoring Duty Free Imports of Soybeans, Corn, and Fishmeal 2005".  GAIN Report Number RS5027, July 4, 2005. 

_____ "South Africa Grain and Feed 2006 Annual Report." GAIN Report Number SF6008, February 9, 2006. 

_____ "South Africa Oilseeds and Products 2006 Annual Report".  GAIN Report Number SF6018, May 15, 2006.

_____.  "Thailand Grain and Feed Intervention Policy Overhauled".  GAIN Report Number TH6115, November 6, 2006.

_____.  "Thailand Oilseeds and Products Annual 2006".  GAIN Report Number TH6057, May 18, 2006.

_____. "Turkey Oilseeds and Products, Oilseed Annual 2006".  GAIN Report Number TU6016, April 18, 2006. 

_____. "Turkey Sugar Annual 2006." GAIN Report Number TU6017, April 18, 2006. 

_____. "Uzbekistan, Republic of, Cotton and Products Annual Report." GAIN Report Number UZ6003, May 11, 2006.

_____. "Uzbekistan, Republic of, Oilseeds and Products Annual".  GAIN Report Number UZ6004, May 10, 2006. 

_____ "West Africa Region Cotton and Products 2006 Annual Report." GAIN Report Number IV5010, March 16, 2006. 

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World Bank.  "Average MFN Applied Tariffs and Bound Rates by Major Sector in Recent Years".  Accessed January 29, 2007 and available online at http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTRES/Resources/469232-1107449512766/tar2005a.xls.

World Trade Organization (WTO).  World Trade Report 2006: Exploring the Links Between Subsidies, Trade and the WTO.  WTO 2006.  

_____. Trade Policy Review: Benin. Trade Policy Review Board, TPRB/230, June 2004. Accessed January 3, 2007 and available online at http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/tp230_e.htm.

_____. Trade Policy Review: Burkina Faso. Trade Policy Review Board, TPRB/231. June 2004. Accessed January 3, 2007 and available online at  http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/tp231_e.htm.

_____. Trade Policy Review: Egypt. Trade Policy Review Board, TPRB/250. July 2005. Accessed January 3, 2007 and available online  http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/tp250_e.htm.

_____. Trade Policy Review: Mali. Trade Policy Review Board, TPRB/232, June 2004, Accessed January 3, 2007 and available online at  http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/tp232_e.htm.

_____. Trade Policy Review: Nigeria. Trade Policy Review Board, TPRB/247, May 2005. Accessed January 3, 2007 and available online at  http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/tp247_e.htm.

Zahniser, S., E. Young, and J. Waino. "Recent Agricultural Policy Reforms in North America".  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service WRS-05-03, April 2005.