2014 County Production Figures In;

PCG Area Produced 3.25 Million Upland Bales

Friday, May 15, 2015                           By Mary Jane Buerkle

      Thanks to a few timely rainfall events, even as drought conditions continued to persist across the region, Texas High Plains growers produced 3.25 million bales of cotton in 2014, the area's largest crop since 2010, according to final production estimates from the National Agricultural Statistics Service.

      This is an increase from the 2.44 million 480-pound bales produced during the 2013 growing season but more than 200,000 bales less than the 3.465 million bales projected by NASS in their January 2015 report.

      Planted acreage in 2014 was up slightly from the previous year, totaling almost 3.88 million acres. Producers brought about two-thirds of that to harvest at almost 2.65 million acres. The 2014 abandonment rate of about 33 percent is more than the long-term average of 20 percent, but is the lowest in the past four crop years. In 2011, the abandonment rate hit a record high at 66 percent, and it was 44 percent in 2012 and 55 percent in 2013.

      According to the final county level production estimates released on Tuesday by NASS, the Plains Cotton Growers 41-county service area accounted for more than half of the 6.175 million bales of upland cotton produced in Texas this past season. Statewide production was up 48 percent from 2013, although the statewide average yield per acre decreased slightly from 646 pounds in 2013 to 644 pounds last year.

      On a national basis, Texas growers accounted for about 39 percent of the 15.7 million upland bales produced in the United States in 2014, maintaining their position as the No. 1 cotton producing state in the nation. Georgia was second with 2.57 million bales. In 2014, the top six cotton-producing counties in the nation were within 80 miles of Lubbock.

      A complete rundown of 2014 crop statistics for planted and harvested acreage, yield per harvested acre and total bales produced in PCG's 41-county service area is included in the table that accompanies this article.

      Lubbock County barely edged Crosby County to be the top-producing county on the High Plains, with 279,700 480-pound bales of cotton and averaging 626 pounds per harvested acre. Overall yield per harvested acre on the High Plains averaged 589 pounds in 2014, down from 654 in 2013.

      Joining Lubbock County in the top ten cotton-producing counties in the High Plains Region (reported in 480-lb bales) were: Crosby, 276,300; Hockley, 275,900; Hale, 248,700; Floyd, 233,000; Dawson, 228,700; Gaines, 217,900; Lynn, 211,500; Lamb, 170,800; and Terry, 151,700.

      As for yield, Moore County ranked at the top for 2014, averaging 1,154 pounds per harvested acre. Ranking second and third in yield per harvested acre were Ochiltree County (1,050 pounds), and Sherman County (1,003 pounds). Castro and Carson rounded out the top five High Plains counties.

      A complete listing of the 2014 upland cotton production totals for Texas and other states is available on the NASS website (http://www.nass.usda.gov). Just click on the "Quick Stats" link to search for the data you want to find.

 

2014-crop Upland Cotton Production

Plains Cotton Growers, Inc. 41-County Service Area

County

Planted
(Acres)

Harvested
(Acres)

Yield per

Harv. Acre

Production
(Bales)

Andrews

Armstrong

6,300

5,200

785

8,500

Bailey

79,800

61,800

551

71,000

Borden

43,300

16,200

256

8,640

Briscoe

41,400

23,100

706

34,000

Carson

45,400

37,300

853

66,300

Castro

43,600

15,100

909

28,610

Cochran

136,900

103,100

628

134,800

Crosby

223,000

202,400

655

276,300

Dallam

Dawson

319,200

229,800

478

228,700

Deaf Smith

17,400

10,600

597

13,180

Dickens

34,300

25,200

482

25,300

Floyd

196,000

145,800

767

233,000

Gaines

304,500

173,600

602

217,900

Garza

46,400

30,700

544

34,800

Hale

229,900

165,200

723

248,700

Hansford

Hartley

Hemphill

Hockley

283,000

223,300

593

275,900

Howard

142,200

60,800

279

35,300

Hutchinson

Lamb

169,900

130,400

629

170,800

Lipscomb

Lubbock

280,000

214,500

626

279,700

Lynn

335,200

215,900

470

211,500

Martin

195,800

119,400

370

92,000

Midland

Moore

13,600

10,400

1,154

25,000

Motley

24,200

23,500

560

27,400

Ochiltree

10,300

8,300

1,050

18,160

Oldham

Parmer

42,200

12,000

795

19,870

Potter

Randall

Roberts

Sherman

18,300

13,600

1,003

28,410

Swisher

90,700

41,800

548

47,700

Terry

269,500

158,700

459

151,700

Yoakum

143,300

105,900

549

121,200

1-N Comb. Co. *

43,200

36,500

950

72,270

1-S Comb. Co. *

47,800

27,700

697

40,200

 

3,876,600

2,647,800

589

(weighted)

3,246,840

Source: National Agricultural Statistics Service
= Zero Production or production aggregated into Combined Counties

 

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