Friday, May 20, 2005 By Shawn Wade
Cotton Incorporated recentlyannounced the joint release of five new cotton germplasm lines developed fromresearch funded through the CI Breeding and Genetics Initiative.
The lines, developed at TexasA&M University (3), the University of Arkansas (1) and the University ofGeorgia (1), are available to all companies and cotton breeders for use inbreeding programs. Germplasm is the name given to breeding lines that exhibitdesirable varietal characteristics, but have not been fully developed into amarketable variety of seed.
The CI Breeding and GeneticsInitiative was launched in 2002 by CI Vice President of Agricultural ResearchDr. Roy Cantrell to broaden the genetic base of available cotton germplasmlines and speed the industry's efforts to increase yield and fiber qualitythrough genetic improvements.
"Unique publicgermplasm has to be continually introduced to provide the genetic variationnecessary to maintain genetic gain in yield potential and fiber quality,"states Cantrell. "And the joint release of these new germplasm lines is avery positive first step."
Many growers would besurprised to know that the CI Breeding and Genetics Initiative constitutes thefirst direct involvement of the Cotton Research and Promotion Program in thedevelopment of new cotton germplasm outside of the producer directed supportprovided through the CI State Support Program.
In fact, prior to theBreeding and Genetics Initiative and the State Support Program, CI'sinvolvement in breeding and development of cotton varieties was primarilyfocused on supporting basic breeding, cotton variety trials, crop managementand some biotech research at Universities around the Cotton Belt. Thefocus of CI is on the germplasm side of the equation and not on the technologyside that is dominated by large biotechnology companies.
CI sponsored research atUniversities and USDA in the early 1980's was partly responsible fordevelopment of some of the basic tissue culture technology used by all cottonseed companies for introduction of new biotech traits. This technology has beenfurther developed and utilized by biotech companies for introduction of theirproprietary biotech traits.
CI has nevercommercialized nor directly supported the commercialization of any cottonbiotechnology traits that are currently available to producers.
The CI Breeding and GeneticsInitiative supports the development of new germplasm through assistance inmaking breeding selections based on CI conducted fiber test results. CI alsoprovides coordination for the Winter Breeding nursery in Mexico, along with theNational Cotton Council and USDA-ARS, which was used in the development of thenew lines.
Cotton breeders interested inrequesting seed are asked to submit those requests directly to the researchersat the University where the lines were developed. Seed will be distributed insmall quantities for use as parental material.
Seed from future jointgermplasm releases will be available directly from Cotton Incorporated,participating Universities or the USDA Agricultural Research Service. The nextscheduled releases will be in Summer 2005.
Contact information forrequesting seed from this release, as well as a short description of thecharacteristics of each line, is included below:
TexasA&M University: contact Dr. Wayne Smith (979-845-2459) or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org
Tamcot 22 – Developed in conjunction with TexasA&M University, this germplasm is a high-yielding, mid-season picker-typecultivar.
TAM 96WD – Developed in conjunction with TexasA&M University, this is a high-yielding germplasm line with improved fiberlength and strength.
TAM 96WD-69s – Developed in conjunction withTexas A&M University, this is a high yielding, smooth leaf germplasm linewith improved fiber length and strength.
Arkot 8712 – Developed in conjunction with theUniversity of Arkansas, this germplasm line matures early and has an excellentfiber quality.
GA 98066 – Developed in conjunction with theUniversity of Georgia, this is a high-yielding germplasm line with desirablefiber quality and moderate resistance to Fusarium Wilt.
Friday, May20, 2005 By Shawn Wade
USDA Secretary Mike Johannsreminded producers that June 1, 2005 is the last date to sign up for the2005-crop Direct and Counter-cyclical Payment Program (DCP) without paying anadministrative late fee.
USDA will accept late-filedDCP applications through Sept. 30, 2005, if accompanied by a $100 late fee.Sign-up for the 2005 DCP began on Oct. 1, 2004. The 2002 Farm Bill requiresproducers to sign annual contracts in order to participate in DCP. Producersmay sign-up online for DCP at http://www.fsa.usda.gov/egov/edcp_default.htm
FSA’s online service allowsproducers to choose 2005 DCP payment options, assign crop shares and sign andsubmit their 2005 DCP, contracts electronically from any computer with Internetaccess. The user-friendly service is designed to save time, reduce paperworkand speed up contract processing at FSA offices.
In addition to the electronicDCP service, USDA has also added the option to allow a producer to complete a2005 DCP contract at any local FSA office, in addition to theiradministratively assigned USDA Service Center. Previously, producers were onlyallowed to complete the DCP sign-up process at their administratively assignedService Center.
The schedule of payments forthe 2005 DCP is as follows:
Beginning December 2004: 50 percent advance direct payment;
October 2005: 50 percent final direct payment;
October 2005: first advance counter-cyclical payment (up to 35 percentof projected payment);
February 2006: second advance counter-cyclical payment (up to 70 percentof projected payment less first advance);
Final DCP payment dates varyby crop although generally the final counter-cyclical payment is made 30 daysfollowing the end of the marketing year. The 2005cotton marketing year begins on August 1, 2005 and ends July 31, 2006. Thefinal counter-cyclical payment for all crops is equal to 100 percent of actualpayment, less any advances received.
For all years, refunds toUSDA will be due from producers if there is a violation of eligibilityrequirements or, in the case of counter-cyclical payments, if the total of theadvance payments exceed the amount actually earned.
Friday, May20, 2005 By Shawn Wade
A group of Pakistani textileofficials visited the Lubbock area May 19-20 as part of a Cotton CouncilInternational COTTON USA Special Trade Mission touring the U.S. Cotton Belt.
During their stay in Lubbockthe group participated in a seminar sponsored by the Texas Cotton Associationand the Lubbock Cotton Exchange.
Lubbock Cotton ExchangePresident Manfred Schiefer and Lubbock Mayor Marc McDougal welcomed the groupto Lubbock and the High Plains production region.
Seminar topics included adiscussion of the High Volume Instrument classification system by InternationalTextile Center Director Dr. Dean Ethridge, and an overview of the High Plainsregion and other Texas cotton production regions from PCG Executive VicePresident Steve Verett.
Current Texas CottonAssociation President Peter Wierzba brought the seminar to a close by providingan overview of the Texas cotton production and marketing chain.