Crop Production Guide Series Provides Growers Valuable ProductionInformation

LUBBOCK, June 18, 2004                   By Shawn Wade

      Cotton experts from the Texas Cooperative Extension and Texas AgriculturalExperiment Station are in the process of pulling together a series of CropProduction Guides that are available to cotton producers through the LubbockTexas A&M Research and Extension Center's website.

      Theseries, which is composed of both previously released information on specificmanagement topics, as well as all-new publications are designed to provideproducers the latest information regarding cotton production issues they mayface.    According to TCE Cotton Specialist Dr. Randy Boman theeffort will eventually provide a complete set of management guides that aproducer can access through the Internet or on a compact disk that can beopened on a personal computer.

      Heexplains that by putting the different publications together and making themeasily accessible they become an even more valuable resource for cottonproducers.

      Theimpetus for the Crop Production Guide series is the Focus newsletter put out by editor Dr.James Leser at the Lubbock Center.

      "Thenewsletter has become a valuable tool for producers over the years. It hasgrown to address more than just insect related issues important to cottonproducers," says Leser. "The Crop Production Guide series wasdeveloped to provide a more manageable information resource that they can useto gather pertinent crop production information."

      Beginningthis year Focuscontributors will no longer try to include every bit of information availableon a topic in the newsletter. Instead, links will be provided within thenewsletter to these more detailed production guides which can better meetproducer needs. To download a copy of individual Crop Production Guides go tothe Lubbock Center's website (

      Thefollowing guides, with their release dates and authors, are currently availablefor download:

„Cotton Fleahopper Management Tips, Dr. Jim Leser, June 16, 2004

„Early Post-emergence Weed Control Options, Dr. Peter Dotray, May 27, 2004

„Benefits of a Pre-emergence Herbicide Program, Dr. Peter Dotray, May 25, 2004

„Successful Weed Management Systems Include the Use of DinitroanilineHerbicides, Dr. Peter Dotray, May 14, 2004

„General Keys for Successful Weed Management in Field Crops, Dr. Peter Dotray,May 6, 2004

„Thrips Control Critical for Irrigated Cotton, Dr. Jim Leser, April 12, 2004

„Pink Bollworm Management Tips II, Mapping Potential Problem Fields, Dr. JimLeser, March 23, 2004

„Pink Bollworm Management Tips I, Dr. Jim Leser, March 10, 2004

„2003 Grain Sorghum Hybrid Suggestions, Dr. Calvin Trostle, April 22, 2003

„Pre-plant Irrigation Management, Dr. Dana Porter, April 11, 2003

„2003 Cotton Variety Selection Considerations, Dr. Randy Boman, March 28, 2003

„Time to check for Yield-robbing Nematodes, Dr. Terry Wheeler, Nov. 14, 2002


HPUWCD No. 1 Adopts New Rules; Posts Results of 2004 Depth-to-WaterSurvey

LUBBOCK, June 18, 2004                   By Shawn Wade

      Landownerswishing to drill new or replacement water wells within the boundaries of theHigh Plains Underground Water District No. 1 have a new set of rules to go byfollowing the June 9 approval of changes proposed by the district's five-manBoard of Directors.

      TheHPUWCD Board's adoption of the new rules became effective immediately upontheir approval during the June 9 Board meeting.

      Thosefamiliar with the originally proposed changes will notice the rules finallyadopted by the HPUWCD Board are slightly different. The changes resulted fromthe Board's consideration of comments received during two public hearings andthrough other forms of communication directed to the district office.

      Themajority of the comments received dealt with the proposed increase in wellspacing requirements, especially those that set minimum distances from propertylines for new wells. After considerable deliberation, the HPUWCD Board agreedto set a less restrictive distance requirement.

      "Itis not the district's intent to create undue hardship for producers," saysHPUWCD No.1 manager Jim Conkwright. However, there have been an increasingnumber of wells being drilled along property lines within the district. Theresulting cone of depression, when pumped, can cause interference with otherwells. It is our hope that this new spacing requirement from property lineswill help protect landowners by reducing this problem."

      Otherrule changes adopted by the Board include:

„ Requiring permit application andboard approval for all water wells drilled within the district expected toproduce 25 gallons of water per minute (gpm) or more.

„ Adding an extra 100 yards to thedistrictÕs water well spacing requirements.

„ Increasing the cost of water wellvalidation to $1,000 per well.


„ Requiring that all new orreplacement water wells be spaced from 25 to 135 yards away from existingexternal property lines. The original proposed rules would have required wellsto be spaced from 50 to 270 yards away from external property lines.

„ Clarifying the responsibility of apermit applicant and district field personnel in obtaining measurements betweenproposed well sites and existing wells.

„ Removing gender references andmaking minor grammatical/ organizational clarifications.

2004 Depth-to-water Survey

      Inother district news the 2004 Depth-to-Water level measurements compiled by theHigh Plains Underground Water Conservation District (HPUWCD) No. 1 in Lubbockshowed a modest 0.28 foot increase in the depth-to-water measurement comparedto the previous year.

      TheHPUWCD makes the measurements to track the rate of decline in ground waterlevels within the district's 15-county service area.

      Whilethe 2004 figures indicate a higher rate of decline over the previous year, thelong-term average rate of decline improved somewhat with the addition of the2004 figures.

      Districtofficials note that due to the dry conditions experienced during the 2003pumping season a higher rate of decline was expected. They add that higherenergy costs, and the loss of a significant amount of irrigated acreage to hailstorms during the season were contributing factors to the less than expectedamount of usage.

      Depth-to-waterlevel measurements are normally made during January to March each year to allowstabilization of water levels in the aquifer following pumpage during theprevious year of ground water production.

      Thecurrent issue of the High Plains Water District newsletter, The CrossSection, featuresthe results of the annual 2003 depth to water level measurements and individualcounty maps that provide the approximate location of each well in thedistrictÕs observation well network.

      Eachmap is accompanied by available 1994, 1999, 2003, and 2004 depth-to-water levelmeasurements for individual wells in that county. Also listed are availabletotal changes in water levels for each well for the periods 1994 to 2004, 1999to 2004, and 2003 to 2004.

      The10-, 5-, and one-year average annual change figures are included on the tablebelow.


Average Changes In Depth To WaterIn Feet

For Observation Wells Š 2004




Average Annual Change


Wells Maintained

1994 to 2004

1999 to 2004

2003 to 2004








- 1.18

- 0.95

- 1.71



- 2.33

- 1.81

- 2.05



- 1.06

- 0.91

- 1.42



- 1.05

- 0.60

- 0.29

Deaf Smith


- 0.79

- 0.39

- 0.80



- 1.18

- 0.85

- 1.25



- 2.04

- 1.89

- 2.16



- 0.83

- 0.53

- 1.18



- 1.62

- 1.53

- 1.99



- 0.91

- 0.65

- 0.47



- 1.04

- 0.90

- 1.32



- 2.33

- 1.89

- 2.30



- 0.66

- 0.51




- 0.11

- 0.02

- 0.30

District Total


- 1.28

- 1.03

- 1.34

Source: HPUWCD No. 1, Lubbock, Texas.


CSP Sign-up Dates Announced

LUBBOCK, June 18, 2004                   By Shawn Wade

      TheNatural Resources Conservation Service announced June 9 that the inauguralsign-up period for the Conservation Security Program would begin July 6 and runthrough July 30.

      Theprocess, which will be open to producers and landowners in 18 selectedwatersheds across the nation, will be conducted according to the interim finalrule published by the NRCS in the Federal Register last month.

      Thefirst sign-up period will affect producers in two watersheds that are at leastpartially located in Texas. Those watersheds are the Punta De Agua, part ofwhich lies in the Texas Panhandle, and the Hondo, which is located in what isknown as the Wintergarden area of the State.

      NRCSofficials note that a self-assessment workbook is available in a hard copyversion or on compact disk (CD) at NRCS offices in the 18 eligible watersheds,or on the Internet (

      Asign-up notice detailing specific program requirements in the selectedwatersheds will be published in the Federal Register soon.